A preview of the Bulgarian emigration I wanted to do for years, long before I even started the compact diaspora file – aka. Bulgarian minority groups in the countries recognized the bulgarian ethnic group. But searching for information turned out to be a lot more complicated and difficult, and the file was broken and lost information several times. Despite setbacks began to put the available files and information in a map and currently this is result:
The main problem was the lack of specific information about Bulgarians abroad. For the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, there is no big difference between economic migrants and tourists, and for sites on the subject, including wikipedia.org – between self-identifying foreign nationals and holders of a Bulgarian passport and so the Bulgarians in Germany and Ukraine are in one category. Moreover, in the data exported by the Ministry, there is a lack of detail and a source, and the numbers are rounded by tens of thousands and more times different from the official data of the given country (US example – census data 92 000, MFA – 300 000).
As an ethnic group, Bulgarians have registered in 5 other countries (Ukraine, Romania, Moldova, Hungary and Serbia, in other missing information) with a total of 5 968 055 – or just over 300 000 live outside Bulgaria in the historical areas of Bessarabia, Banat, Targovishte and Western outskirts (more detailed you can see them here ). On this map is given translucent and reflects ethnicity, not Bulgarian citizens.
At the time as immigration, I added
27 countries with 890 852 Bulgarians,
living there. Again, according to the Foreign Ministry, the countries are 70 and Bulgarian citizens over 2 million. This is also the main difference between the diaspora and the emigrant community. In the censuses of the different countries on the one hand we have marked people with birth country Bulgaria, and sometimes people with mother tongue – Bulgarian. Characteristically, the Bulgarian emigration follows ethnic model in Bulgaria – 8% speak Turkish, and about 5% another language. But data on Bulgarian immigrants are only available in countries where there are a little more, but nowhere more than 0,5% of the whole population. In other cases, it is difficult to find specific data because Bulgarians most often appear in the census as EU28 (ie one with Romania, for example in the French census) or their percentage as a part of the population is negligibly small – 0,00..% and being together with other groups (such as Argentina, where more Europeans are one group).
Using data from overseas elections Boyan provide points for heat map coverage, but abroad vote no more than 3% of Bulgarian citizens (only two or three countries have almost 10%) and can only speculate how many are actually, if not have other data.
But what shows this map as numbers.
The largest Bulgarian emigrant community is in North Rhine-Westphalia (Dusseldorf, Essen, Dortmund) with 60 105 people. Following are the communities in London and Bavaria with over 40 000. In almost every German Province has tens of thousands of Bulgarians, so officially in Germany is the largest community – 263 325. As I quoted above, according to the Foreign Ministry in the United States should have 300 000 Bulgarian citizens and this should be our biggest community and may be so, but official US ranks 4th place after Spain (126 989 Bulgarians) and Britain (91,654 of whom half in London) with 91 560 and not in all states. And while the Bulgarians in Spain are experiencing a decrease compared to previous years, the community in England, Wales and Scotland has one of the highest % growth per year – since 2011 has doubled and even now the data is not up to date despite or because of BrExit. There are around 76 000 in Greece, and nearly 60 000 in Italy. Canada and Belgium (and most likely France) are with 30 000+, mostly headquartered in 2-3 major cities. There are 25 906 Bulgarians in the entire Russian Federation and the Crimea, but how many of them are Bulgarian citizens at work and how many Bessarabian Bulgarians displaced by the Soviet authorities, no one can and probably not want to say. In the Netherlands, the number of Bulgarians is 21 941, with half in the region of Amsterdam and Rotterdam. Interestingly, from 18 398 Bulgarians living in Austria, 11 722 live in Vienna.
The remaining countries have less than 10 000 Bulgarian citizens. 9 955 in Denmark, 9 107 are in the Czech Republic, and 1 051 in Slovakia. Not a few Bulgarians live on Scandinavian Peninsula and Finland, in Sweden – 9457, in Norway – 6762 and Finland – 2410. The Bulgarians in Australia are only 5 436 and in Kazakhstan, Poland and Belarus respectively 2 112, 1 112 and 672 people. In the small Luxembourg living 1224 and in Qatar – 500 Bulgarian citizens. The least marked in this map are the Bulgarians in the Baltic countries and Croatia – 350, Lithuania – 171, Latvia – 30 and Estonia – 190.
The map will be added every time I find statistics for a country where Bulgarians live. Still, according to the Foreign Ministry, I’m not even on half…
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